The automotive industry has changed a lot in a hundred years. Nevertheless, one thing that hasn’t change is that it is still needed to put dozens of parts together before the vehicle is ready for sale. This Car Assembly process requires that teams of technicians collaborate to put together the different parts big or small. To do this, the professionals rely on pneumatic tools that allow them to assemble the car parts in an easy and fast way.
However, the process of assembling a car is more complicated than it sounds. Each car needs to go through several stages. Starting with the shell, which is set on a conveyor belt and braced to stay in place as it goes down the production line.
Once, the shell is on the conveyor undergoes several additions. Different hands and machines install everything from the gas tank, front/rear suspension, and axles to the brakes. Over the most of these steps, automotive air compressors play an essential component in placing every part into place with utmost accuracy and safety.
After that, the technicians will bring together the transmission and the engine. For this task, they will use a robotic arm will move the heavy pieces to the right place. Once these two elements are in their place, a technician will bolt the radiator down.
During this stages, work together while the robotic arms do all the heavy lifting, the human assemblers use air-power wrenches to fasten each component screw.
When building a car, most of the piece attachments go to the floor pan. Pneumatic tools are essential in this step because the allow the worker to reduce the time it takes from hours to minutes.
Also, compressed air is responsible for the robotic machinery, that lifts, transports, and positions all the pieces. Besides, with the help of the robot, the assembling process goes faster. Because the machine arms can bolt and weld numerous items with levels of speed and precision that far exceed human capabilities.
Afterward, the shell is connected to another conveyor to undergo the painting part of the process, during which the shell is inspected, cleaned, undercoated and top-coated.
Before its possible to paint the car, the car most goes over a careful inspection for possible defects. This process takes place in a white room with bright lights, to help technicians to detect any error. If the vehicle has any bumps, dents or scratches, it is sent back for repairs. If not, the car is cleaned and ready for painting.
Once the body is clean and dry, it will receive an undercoat of primer all over the shell. This coat will create a layer that will let the outer coat of paint to attach better to the body. However before, the topcoat is applied, the body is sent back to dry again. Finally, the last coat of paint is applied across the outer car parts.
In the most modern plants, the coats are applied by a robotic arm, that can check how much paint will be needed.
These improvements have been made possible by the power of automotive air compressors. They can maintain moisture levels low while providing consistent power to pneumatic tools throughout the complex steps involved in assembling and painting each vehicle that passes along the conveyor belts. With the body now painted, the next steps is the installation of interior component
The vehicle then is moved to an area where the interior will be installed. Here, technicians install the full range of interior pieces, including the seats, door panels, dashboard, clutch, pedals, and speakers. Also, the windshield and door windows will be put in place. This step will be done using suction cups at the end of robotic arms, which move the glass into the right location.
The vehicle is now ready. Nevertheless, its first stop will be the last assessment for performance and quality on all fronts. Once the vehicle has passed this stage of the inspection, the vehicle is taken to a shipping lot. That will send the vehicle to a dealer’s lot.
Other Applications of Air Compressor in Automotive
Besides, the assembly process air compressors can also be used at home or garage to do car repairs. For example, an air compressor can be used to power an air ratchet to remove nuts and bolts, making the job so easy that virtually anyone can do the job. Also, it can be used to grind metal as they do at assembly plants, using an air grinder.
Also, cutting metal can be done by an average person with a small and easy-to-operate air saw. As well as vacuum machines and air-powered pressure guns, which can respectively be used to suck out air and check for leaks in cooling systems.